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You will quickly get the feeling that you can park anywhere you want. Do not. What can happen is that the police can and sometimes do take your license plates or even impound the vehicle. If it is a rental you have to pay and go through all the hassles of sorting the mess out which can totally ruin 2 days of your trip and cost you money for nothing but aggravation.

 

The Tale Of
The Newsboy

Once upon a time there was a little newsboy who was very, very poor and he only sold old newspapers because he didn't have enough money for new ones.

People didn't by his newspapers because they were all so out of date, and they wanted new newspapers.

So the little newsboy never sold any, and every day he accumulated more and more old newspapers.

What the little newsboy did was put up a paper recycling plant, and he became a millionaire, bought out all the newspaper businesses and the news agencies, prohibited publishing current news, and thus obliged people to read only news of the past.

In the papers on sale today, for example, you'd read that the Zapatistas are about to arrive in Mexico City and that they'll meet with the Villistas there.

You can't quite make out the date, but it seems to either 1914 or 1997.

 

 

The Mexican name for the Atlantic coastal region of the Yucatan Peninsula is Riviera Maya. The English use is either Maya Riviera or Mayan Riviera. It is used all three ways in this web site.

Buckle Up!

Mexico now has
a seat-belt law.

CAMPECHE HISTORY

Campeche Map Campeche is located on the southeast part of the peninsula and has an area of 56,114-sq. km. (21,665-sq. mi.) including two islands. It is bounded on the north and northeast by Yucatan, on the east by Quintana Roo and Belize, on the south by Guatemala, on the southwest by Tabasco, and on the west and northwest by the Gulf of Mexico.

Campeche was founded around the third century and used to be the principal town of the Mayan district Ah Kin Pech which means "serpent tick".

On March 22, 1517 soldiers lead by Francisco de Montejo invaded Champoton but were defeated by Mayan warriors led by the legendary Moch Couoh. Seriously wounded, Cordova died of his wounds. The battleground where this took place came to be known as "Bay of the Bad Fight" and is to this day.

In 1527 and 1537 further attempts to conquer the area failed led by Commander Francisco de Mentejo and his son. In 1540 Montejo's son returned better equipped and armed to massacre their way into the Mayan homeland. Successfull, they finally conquered Kin Pech and Acanul. In 1541 he founded the Villa de San Fransisco de Campeche then went on to attack Tenabo, Helcelchakan and Calkini.

Campeche became a lucrative port for the area and once the bulk of precious metals were removed, captured slaves became the chief commodity. All traces of Mayan religious beliefs were systematically wiped out and replaced by Christian beliefs. Practicing the Mayan faith was punishable by death.

Campeche Museum Once the slave trade was organized and prospering, the conquistadors turned to new avenues of wealth.

The Spanish discovered a dye in logwood, which grew in the forests near Campeche. This dye was considered a rare commodity and was highly prized in Europe and brought high prices on the European market.

When news spread that this dye was available in Campeche, it attracted the attention of others seeking to capitalize on this rich export. In time a ruthless group of Caribbean pirates and thieves sought to profit from this valuable commodity by controlling the market for the dye. As a result, the city was attacked and looted on many occasions from 1597 to 1685.

Also because of the ceaseless number of wars fought between Spain, Portugal, England, France and Holland, Campeche became a target for repeated attacks. In 1663 a flotilla of pirate ships launched a united front and assaulted the city, massacring many of its inhabitants. Such was the destruction and looting that the King of Spain was forced to act. Starting in 1668 thick rampart measuring 3.5 meters in thickness were erected. After 20 years of construction a 2.5 km hexagon wall was built encircling the city with strategically positioned baluarts along the wall. A section of the ramparts extended into the sea so that ships had to sail into a guarded fortress to dock. Cannons could now be easily moved to any side of the city as well as men and ammunitions. Campeche was now a fortress city.

As hostilities waned and the industrial revolution came, the walls fortifying Campeche were dismantled and used as cobblestones to pave the roads. Windmills dotted the city pumping water to its inhabitants.

Today the windmills are gone but the fortress baluarts are still intact along with short sections of the wall. There are still a number of upper-class Spanish mansions, churches and other colonial buildings still standing which serve as the city's chief attractions.



CAMPECHE HOTELS

Campeche Hotels For current Campeche hotel and resort information including rates, availability and secure on-line reservations please see:

Campeche Hotels and Resorts

 




CAMPECHE TODAY

History has divided Campeche City into three zones:

The Center, formed by the old walled city which was inhabited by the Spaniards during the Colony San Francisco, located to the north of the wall, where the Mayan population was concentrated; and in San Roman to the south, where the Mexican natives established themselves with the mulattos brought from the Islands of the Caribbean, mainly from Cuba.

Campeche also has many brightly colored buildings reflective of Caribbean tastes. As might be expected in a seaport town, Campeche has an abundance of fresh seafood prepared in every conceivable manner including some flavored with tasty Caribbean spices.

A handicraft market is now located at the site of the former Fort of San Pedro. Beneath the fort are located various secret passages which once linked various parts of the city, and provided a means of escape when the fort was being attacked. Some of these secret passageways are said to date back to Mayan times.

Streets in Campeche are numbered. Streets running north-south have even numbers; streets running east-west have odd numbers; street numbers ascend towards the south and east.



CAMPECHE TOURIST INFORMATION

The state-run General de Turismo office is located on the north side of the Parque Principal [main city plaza] on calle 57.

The city operates a Coordinacion Municapal de Turismo on calle 55 at calle 8 just west of the cathedral.



CAMPECHE CLIMATE

Campeche and has two kinds of climate: the humid warm and the sub-humid warm. The sub-humid warm climate has periods of rain in the summer and beginning of fall over most of territory. In the dry season it is characterized by the convergence of warm winds from the east and the southwest. The humid warm climate is prevalent in the southwest part of the state by the Tabasco border.

[For each month of the year].

Includes:

    Average Temperature
    Average High Temperature
    Average Low Temperature
    Average Relative Humidity
    And more...



TARPON FISHING IN CAMPECHE   Fish the real flats of the Campeche Bay in its magnificent miles of mangrove channels and mouths. Fishing Charters and Kayak Fishing for spinning or flyfishing in the search of great fighters: TARPON, SNOOK OR CUDA.

Customized Charters for your Party no matter the size. 3, 5 and 7 days fishing packages available at reasonable rates. Mayan Ruins & Towns, colonial sites and Ecotours are some of the activities and places we will take you to.

Campeche is a world class fishing venue!


ATTRACTIONS

Campeche Mexico Museum In Campeche you can buy scale boats, all handmade. All the materials used (precious woods, jippi, bull's horn, different kinds of stones, red and black coral and sharkskin) have been obtained in the region of Campeche.

Campeche has many baluartes (bastions) built to protect the city against attacks and raids by pirates. Today these fortifications are the city's main attraction. Of the eight bastions seven survive in their original state and one has been restored. Large segments of Campeche's famous wall have survived as well.

Guided city tours can be arranged at the Ramada Inn. The best place to start is at the southwestern end of the Plaza Moch-Cuouh. The first baluartes you will come to is Baluarte de San Carlos. The Chamber of Fortification has scale models of the city's fortifications in the 18th century. Don't miss the dungeon!

Heading north, you will come to Puerta del Mar (Sea Gate) which provided access to the city from the sea before the area to the northwest was filled in. The gate was demolished in 1893 but rebuilt in 1957.

Baluarte de la Soledad is the setting for Museo de Estelas Maya. Among the antiquities displayed, along with badly weathered stelae, are 17th and 18th seafaring equipment and armaments used to battle pirates.

Mansion Carvajal is the house of the Carvajal family with Arabic arcs and flights of steps made of marble. Today it has been converted into a crafts store and offices for the government.

The Baluarte of Nuestra Seņora de la Soledad is where you can visit a hall of stelaes.

The Cathedral of the Conception is a unique church to visit.

The Main Square, where some examples of Colonial architecture can be observed, as the recently remodeled House of the Old Times.

The Church of San Francisco which was built in the 16th century.

The San Francisco de Paulo Toro Park, and the Theater with the same name.

The regional museum which is known as the Casa del Teniente del Rey.

House of the Lieutenant of the King with a collection of European weapons from the 12th to 19th centuries.

Parque Principal is Campeche's favourite park.

The Church of Saint Joseph is another colonial church.

The "Puerta de Tierra" [sound and light show].

The new Malecon with its beautiful little "plazas".

Casa de las Artesanias is a handicraft market displaying many regional arts and crafts.

Calakmul is a biosphere reserve located 318 km from the City of Campeche. In this area jaguars, howler monkeys, deer, pumas, wild cats and many other mammals have their home, together with many kinds of spiders, reptiles, insects and more than 800 plant species.

The Royal Highway was the road used to link the two most important peninsular cities, Campeche and Merida during the Spanish conquest. Driving along the highway, you can shop for hammocks, wooden handicrafts, liquors and syrups made from local fruits.

Campeche also has forts.... Fuerte de San Luis, an 18th century fortress and Fuerte de San is restored and home to a museum of Mayan antiquities.



RUIN SITES RUIN SITES

Ruin sites located within a reasonable distance from Campeche are:

Campeche
Balamku
Becan
Calakmul
Chicanna
Dzibilnocac*
Edzna**
Hochob*
Xpujil*

View Ruin site Map for Campeche.

Yucatan
Kabah*
Labna*
Mayapan**
Oxkintok*
Sayil*
Xlapak*
Xcambo*
Uxmal***

View Ruin site Map for the Yucatan.

*** large site       ** medium site       * small site

For more information regarding visiting ruin sites please see:

RUIN SITES

Ruin sites located within a reasonable distance from Merida are:

Acanceh*
Ake*
Chichen Itza***
Chacmultun*
Dzibilchaltun**
Ek Balam**
Extempo*
Izamal*
Kabah*
Labna*
Mayapan**
Oxkintok*
Sayil*
Xlapak*
Xcambo*
Uxmal***
Yaxuna/Xcan Ha*

*** large site       ** medium site       * small site

View Ruin site Map for this area.

For more information regarding visiting ruin sites please see:

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In Mexico they speak: Spanish, various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional indigenous languages.

90% of Mexicans age 15 and over can read and write.

Mexico Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2000 est.)

Mexico has a population of: 100,349,766 (July 2000 est.)

There is 61,000 sq km of irrigated land. (1993 est.)

Mexico's natural resources are: petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber.

There is 9,330 km of coastline.

The life expectancy is: male 68.47 years, female 74.66 years. (2000 est.)

The geographic coordinates are: 23 00 N, 102 00 W

Mexico had 38.6 million people in the labor force in 1999.

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