Popular Cities: Ciudad del Carmen, Escarcega, Champoton
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Campeche is located on the southeast part of the Mexican Republic. It is bounded on the north and northeast by Yucatan, on the east by Quintana Roo and Belize, on the south by Guatemala, on the southwest by Tabasco. On the west and northwest side is the Gulf of Mexico.
Campeche has an area of 56,114 sq. km. (21,665 sq. mi.) including 288 islands and has two kinds of climate: the humid warm and the sub-humid warm. The sub-humid warm climate has periods of rain in the summer and beginning of fall. The dry season is characterized by the convergence of warm winds from the east and the southwest. The humid warm climate is prevalent in the southwest part of the state.
The City of Campeche, which is also a port in the Gulf of Mexico, is the capital of the state. It is located 196 km southeast of Merida by the federal highway 180, and 471 km northeast of Villahermosa by the federal highways 186, 261 and 180.
The village of Can-Pech was believed to have been founded around the third century A.D. . On October 4, 1540, the Spanish founded the village of San Francisco de Campeche., under the leadership of Francisco de Montejo “El Mozo”. During the 16 – 18 centuries, San Francisco de Campeche was converted and became a popular port of commercial trade on the Peninsula of Yucatan.
Beginning in the 17 century, Campeche was involved in many pirate battles. Spain built a wall around the city to protect it from European takeover and marauding cutthroats. Later in 1777, King Charles III gave special recognition to the city in the form of an official seal which is still used today.
After the Independence of Mexico, Campeche became one of the five important seats of government which formed Yucatan. On August 7, 1857, civil war divided Campeche from Yucatan. A new region was created that was given the name Campeche, with the city of Campeche as the capital.
In Campeche, south of the Puuc hills, a distinctive style exists known as the Rio Bec or Chenes style of Maya architecture. The Bec River style features the use of twin towers with thatched temples on top, while the Chenes style is characterized by its profuse decoration of facades with fantastic stone masks.