TULUM RUINS TOUR WITH XELHA
How often do you get to walk back centuries in time? Tulum provides a unique experience that allows visitors to walk in the footsteps of a civilization that once thrived here.
The ruined holy city sits some 12-meters (39 ft) above the beautiful turquoise waters of the Caribbean Sea. Earliest inscriptions date back as far as AD 564, but the civilization hit its peak between the 13th and 15th centuries. It is believed to be one of the last Mayan cities built and inhabited. The former name of the city was Zama, meaning "City of the Dawn", appropriately named for its eastward view. The modern name Tulum is also fitting, meaning "wall".
In addition to the breathtaking location, one of the things that makes these ruins different from other Mayan sites is the fact that it was once a walled city. It is unclear exactly why walls were constructed here and not in other cities. Theories suggest that perhaps a Spanish prisoner educated the residents on the building process or perhaps since the city served as a center for religion, the walls protected their religious leaders.
The walls varied in height and thickness, but averaged 5 meters (16 ft) high and 8m (26 ft) thick. On the southwest and northwest corners, there are small buildings that are believed to have been watchtowers, making the city a secure defense.
In the early 16th-century, the Spaniards first made contact. As a result they introduced disease to the city, decimating the estimated 1,000 to 1,600 inhabitants. By the end of that century, the city was abandoned.
After visiting the Tulum Ruins you will be transported to embark on an aquatic adventure at Xel-Ha.